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At the Crossroads of Cultures: The Jews of Central Asia and the Caucasus

At the Crossroads of Cultures: The Jews of Central Asia and the Caucasus
.14.06.2023
15:00-20:00
Research center
At the Crossroads of Cultures: The Jews of Central Asia and the Caucasus

The conference is devoted to the interaction of various Jewish groups and their ethno-confessional neighbors in Central Asia, the Caucasus and in the border regions during the 'colonial era' of the 19th - 20th centuries and nowadays.

Research Center of the Jewish Museum and Tolerance Center (Moscow) together with the Ben-Zvi Institute (Jerusalem), the International Institute for Central Asian Studies (Samarkand) and "Silk Road" International University of Tourism and Cultural Heritage (Samarkand) are organizing a conference "At the Crossroads of Cultures: The Jews of Central Asia and the Caucasus" devoted to the interaction, mutual influence of various Jewish groups and their ethno-confessional neighbors in Central Asia, the Caucasus and in the border regions during the "colonial era" of the 19th - 20th centuries and nowadays. We consider a wide range of topics related to Jewish life in Central Asia and the Caucasus, including, but not limited to:

• The impact of modernization on the life of Jewish communities, 
• Political regimes, 
• Relations and interactions with local and foreign populations, 
• Connections within Jewish communities and with other communities, 
• Cultural and assimilation processes, 
• Language policy

The conference will be held both in Russian and English on June 14 in Moscow (Jewish Museum and Tolerance Center), and then on June 16-18 in Samarkand ("Silk Road" International University of Tourism and Cultural Heritage). You can listen to the reports in person and in online format, a link to the broadcast will be sent to all those who have registered.

PROGRAM

June 14
Jewish Museum and Tolerance Centre
Moscow

14:50 мск (16:50 UZT)
Registration of participants

15:00-15:30 мск (17:00-17:30 UZT)
Welcome speech
The conference will be opened by:

Dr Assaf Tamari, Deputy Head, Ben-Zvi Institute for the Study of Jewish Communities of the East (Israel, online)
Kristina Krasnyanskaya, CEO of Jewish Museum and Tolerance Center

15:30-17:30 мск (17:30-19:30 UZT)
Mountain Jews: Challenges of Studying and Identity
Reports:
• Vladimir Kolesov (Krasnodar) 
Mountain Jews of the Caucasus in Relations with the Surrounding Peoples: Sociocultural Symbiosis? (rus)

• Magomedkhan Magomedov (Makhachkala)
The Identity of the Mountain Jews of Dagestan from the Late 1930s

• Svetlana Amosova (Moscow)
Mountain Jewish Community of Derbent: on the Issue of Self-identity (rus)

• Lyubov Solovyova (Moscow)
Krasnaya Sloboda Through the Eyes of a Photographer and Ethnographer (based on the fieldwork materials of 1970s) (rus)

Moderator — Vladimir Kolesov.

17:30-18:00 мск (19:30-20:00 UZT)
Coffee break

18:00-20:00 мск (20:00-22:00 UZT)
The Jewish Question in the Caucasus and Central Asia
Reports:
• Elena Fomenko (Moscow)
Mountain Jews’ Language Strategies as Part of Adaptive Practices (rus)

• Tanzila Chabieva (Moscow)
Judaism in the Caucasus: on the Issue of the Spiritual Component (rus)

• Irina Mukhamednazarova (Samarkand)
The Jewish Question in Central Asia (rus)

• Imanuel Rybakov (New York, online)
Merchant Estate of Bukharan Jews of the Late 19th — Early 20th  Centuries and its Contribution to the Development of the Economy of Central Asia (rus)

Moderator — Svetlana Amosova.

June 16
"Silk Road" International University of Tourism and Cultural Heritage
Samarkand


10:30-11:00 UZT (08:30-09:00 мск)
Registration of participants, opening
The conference will be opend by prof. Joseph Hoffman, vice rector for education of the University of Tourism and Cultural Heritage "Silk Road"

11:00-11:45 UZT (09:00-09:45 мск)
Plenary Session (eng)
Speaker — Zeev Levin (Jerusalem)
Topic: Jews of Central Asia and Caucasus in the Colonial and Postcolonial Epochs: a Comparative Analysis 

11:45-12:00 UZT (09:45-10:00 мск)
Coffee break

12:00-14:00 UZT (10:00-12:00 мск)
Mountain Jews and Bukharan Jews in the Late 19th and the Early 20th Century: Interaction with the Imperial Authorities
Reports:
• Malika Zehni (Cambridge)
Documenting Liminal Subjects: Passports, Permits, and Practices of Bukharan Jews in Tsarist Central Asia

• Ekaterina Norkina (Saint Petersburg)
Problems of Communication of Mountain Jews in the Caucasus with Regional and Central Authorities (Late 19th — Early 20th Centuries) (rus)

• Maria Vyatchina (Helsinki/Tartu)
Mountain Jews, Combat Medics and the Production of Medical Knowledge in the Late Russian Empire (rus)

• Gultekin Shamilli (Moscow)
Jewish Musician and Society before and after the Constitutional Revolution in Persia in 1905-1911 (rus)

Moderator — Thomas Loy.

14:00-15:00 UZT (12:00-13:00 мск)
Lunch

15:00-16:30 UZT (13:00-14:30 мск)
Jewish Communities of Georgia and Central Asia in Soviet Era
Reports:
• Thomas Loy (Prague)
The End of the "Jewish Triangle" — Bukharan Jews Between Central Asia, Iran, and Afghanistan in the 1920s and 1930s

• Giorgi Zazunishvili (Tbilisi)
Towards the Issue of Jewish Collective Farms in Soviet Georgia: Documents and Self-Narrations

• Leora Eisenberg (Harvard)
Khamza in Yiddish: Jewish-Uzbek Creative Cooperation, the Friendship of the Peoples, and Antisemitism on the Pages and Stages of Evacuation to Uzbekistan

Moderator — Chen Bram.

16:30-17:00 UZT (14:30-15:00 мск)
Coffee break

17:00-19:00 UZT (15:00-17:00 мск)
Jewish Communities in the Modern World
Reports:
• Yulia Oreshina (Tbilisi)
Georgia’s Palimpsest of Modern Jewish History: a Complexity of Networks, Agencies and Relations
 
• Bella Lvovich (Haifa)
Transition from Traditional Community to Western Culture Community: the Changes that Occurred at the Bukhari Women Role in the Family in a Comparative Perspective between Women in Israel and the US (rus)

• Chen Bram (Jerusalem)
Jewish Identity in Transition: A Comparative Analysis of Georgia, Caucasus and Bukhara Jews

• Pyotr Pinkhasov (New York, online)
Jews of Central Asia from the Social Contract Theory Point of View (rus)

Moderator — Zeev Levin.

20:00 UZT (18:00 мск)
Dinner

June 17
"Silk Road" International University of Tourism and Cultural Heritage
Samarkand


10:00-12:00 UZT (08:00-10:00 мск)
Museums and Preservation of Cultural Heritage
Reports
• Olga Fattaeva (Samarkand)
From the History of the Exhibition Creation "Jews in the Region in the Past and Present" in Samarkand Local History Museum (rus)

• Nargiz Aituganova (Samarkand)
Project “Traditional Houses of Bukharan Jews”: Documentation and Conservation Strategies (rus)

• Lilija Wedel (Bielefeld, online)
Images, Identities, and Perception of Jewish Groups in Turkestan and Caucasus (rus)

Moderator — Irina Mukhamednazarova.

12:00-13:00 UZT (10:00-11:00 мск)
Lunch

13:00-14:30 UZT (11:00-12:30 мск)
Museums and Preservation of Cultural Heritage (part 2)
Reports:
• Sarit Cofman-Simhon (Jerusalem) 
Bukharan and Juhuri Theatres in the Soviet Union and in Israel
 
• Ekaterina Belkina (Saint Petersburg)
Palaeography of Jewish Manuscripts from Vladimir Ivanov’s collection of 1915 (rus)
 
• Roza Ashkenazi (Saint Petersburg) 
Creation of Elkan Nathan Adler’s Judeo-Persian Collection and His Contribution to the Studying of Iranian Jews

Moderator — Ekaterina Norkina.

14:30-15:00 UZT (12:30-13:00 мск)
Coffee break

15:00-16:30 UZT (13:00-14:30 мск)
Jewish Languages and Texts
Reports:
• Benjamin Arenstein (Chicago) 
Michael Zand at the Tajik Academy of Sciences: Rereading Medieval Islamicate Texts Through the Eyes of a Soviet-Jewish Intellectual
 
• Murad Suleymanov (Paris)
Language Shift among the Mountain Jews of Azerbaijan
 
• Arusyak Agababyan (Krasnodar, online)
Language Skills of Mountain Jews of the Caucasus (illustrated by the example of the Pyatigorsk, Stavropol Krai community)

Moderator — Ekaterina Belkina.

16:30-17:00 UZT (14:30-15:00 мск)
Coffee break

17:00-18:30 UZT (15:00-16:30 мск)
Round Table Discussion "Preservation of the Cultural and Historical Heritage of Bukharan Jews"
Participants:
• Mastira Sidikova (Samarkand) 
Cultural heritage of Bukhara Jews in Samarkand city

• Nargiz Nurilla-Khodzha (Samarkand) 
Judaism and the Silk Road

• Renata Abdurashitova (Bukhara)

• Rafael Nektalov (New York, online)

Moderators — Zeev Levin, Svetlana Amosova.

19:00 UZT (17:00 мск)
Dinner

June 18
Samarkand

Cultural activities.

12+

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Schedule
14 June 2023 (15:00-20:00)

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